Researchers looked at interactions between cancer family history in first-degree relatives (CFH) and lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity and evaluated cancer risk. In over 55,000 participants the results showed frequent intake of fruits, raw vegetables, carrots, pumpkin, cabbage and lettuce, as well as frequent physical exercise, were associated with decreased risk for gastric, breast, lung, and colorectal cancer, while habitual smoking increased the risk of gastric and lung cancer. Interestingly, there was no influence of CFH on lifestyle related risk factors.
In a study measuring fatty acid status in infants, researchers looked at the risk of type 1 diabetes. The results showed fish-derived fatty acids consumed during breastfeeding may provide protection against type 1 diabetes.
Diet soft drink consumption has been found to be associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke, all-cause dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease dementia according to new research published in the medical journal Stroke. When compared with those who didn’t drink diet soft drink, those with the highest consumption increased their risk of ischemic stroke by 196% and Alzheimer’s disease by 189%.
Taking 40mL daily of extra virgin coconut oil for 21 days resulted in an improvement in cognitive status in Alzheimer’s patients, especially in women, those without diabetes mellitus type II, and severe patients. The researchers concluded ‘this study, although preliminary, demonstrated the positive influence of coconut oil at the cognitive level of patients with Alzheimer’s, this improvement being dependent on sex, presence or absence of diabetes and degree of dementia’.
New research shows that taking 300 IU vitamin D per kilogram daily for 4 months significantly improves autism symptoms in children 3-10 years old. A total of 109 children with autism with normal vitamin D levels were randomly assigned to receive vitamin D3 or placebo for 4 months. At the end of the treatment period, Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) scores significantly improved for children in the vitamin D group, with average scores decreasing by about 6.5 points in those receiving vitamin D. The CARS scores evaluated many factors, including emotional response, relating to people, body use, listening response, visual response, imitation, adaptation to change, and general autistic impression.
Researchers have found that taking 2.4 g of fish oil daily during the third trimester of pregnancy reduces the risk of asthma or wheeze in children by 30.7%. The effect was strongest for the children of mothers with the lowest blood levels of eicosapentaeonic acid (EPA) and docosahexaeonic acid (DHA) at the beginning of the study. For these mothers, the risk for asthma in offspring dropped by 54%. Fish oil supplementation also resulted in a 25% reduced risk of lower respiratory tract infections in children when compared to the control group.
In a study of 1790 Japanese adults, higher circulating vitamin D levels were associated with a decreased likelihood of having metabolic syndrome. Compared with those with vitamin D levels lower than 20 ng/mL, the risk of metabolic syndrome was reduced by 21% with levels of 20 – 29 ng/mL, and by 48% with levels above 30 ng/mL.